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The Water Box

Water Pickup sign

The Water Box is an experimental mobile water filtration system donated to the First Trinity Missionary Baptist Church in Flint, Michigan on March 2nd 2019. It is designed to clear contaminants including lead and bacteria from water taken from a compromised municipal source such as Flint's, making it safe for consumption. Its development, including conception and engineering, was a collaboration between multiple organizations, including 501cTHREE, The Last Kilometer, Rethink H2O, Black Millenials for Flint, and the church. Notably, one of the members of 501cTHREE is celebrity Jaden Smith (actor, musician, actor, son of actor Will Smith), which brought a lot of attention to the event. He also notably runs a water company called JUST Water with Drew FitzGerald, who is also his partner at 501cTHREE. Accounts of the project's development are somewhat unclear, but it appears that Smith and FitzGerald gathered requirements based on the church's needs and The Last Kilometer did the engineering work.


The device was designed during the crisis in Flint wherein the state of Michigan changed its source of water from Lake Huron to the Flint River as a cost-saving measure. The river's water is highly corrosive and was not treated with the necessary anti-corrosive agent when used as the city's water supply. This resulted in lead and iron from pipes leaching into water, which is hazardous, especially to children. As a result, various mitigations were put in place to give the residents a safe source of water to work with while the pipes are being replaced. One mitigation is a program run by the state of Michigan, giving a ration of bottled water to Flint residents. Another one is an outpouring of private donations of bottled water, in large part by celebrities and major companies. From 2014 to 2019, the First Trinity Missionary Baptist Church distributed over five million water bottles of the donated water.

As of 2019, many municipal pipes have been replaced, and lead in the water is now testing below the federal action limit. By some accounts, Michigan state authorities claim that it is now safe to drink. By some other accounts, there are government agencies (including the federal Environmental Protection Agency) which say that risk of dangerous contamination from water transmission pipes remains. Additionally, some homes may contain lead pipes that need to be replaced. The end of the state's free water program was also announced, though the recently elected governor seems to indicate she may extend it. At any rate, residents are slow to trust the government. This means that, as of 2019, residents are still accepting donated water, while less water is being donated than before.


Amount of Water

With The Water Box, the church is able to produce 8-10 gallons of clean water per minute, filtering out lead, bacteria, and other contaminants. This likely will not alone meet the needs of residents, but assuming this pilot program is successful Smith plans to expand the program with more water boxes in Flint and beyond.

Quality of Water

Part of this project involves the church conducting regular tests on the quality of the water, both locally using handheld devices, and using an independent laboratory (notably, unaffiliated with the city of Flint). They post the test results on a website. This is important given that trust is such an issue for the residents.


It's often difficult to find information about sources of funding for such projects or organizations, and this case is particularly so. There appears to be no explicit statement in news reports or even the organizations' own websites as to where exactly the money is coming from. However, the news stories do seem to imply that Jaden Smith is broadly responsible for this project. And, a couple of explicitly stated claims corroborate the notion that Jaden Smith, Drew FitzGerald, and/or the Smith family are financially responsible. Firstly, 501cTHREE will be paying for the church's utility and maintenance costs during water distribution, according to FitzGerald and Smith. Secondly, Jaden's mother Jada Pinkett Smith has already announced that she would donate a second water box in Flint (though, this is still presumably much less than the cost of first box which included research and development).

The project is also accepting donations from the general public. Anybody can sponsor another water box for $50,000 or purchase water jugs for residents to fill up with water from the box.

Government involvement

The Last Kilometer has done some government-funded projects in the past.

The water used as input to the Water Box comes from a municipal source.

As stated above, the state of Michigan has its own free bottled water program for Flint residents, funded by (as of 2018) a $450 million state and federal aid package.

Flint mayor Karen Weaver seems to be friendly with Jada Pinkett Smith in the context of this project.